Rheumatoid Arthritis

rheumatoid-arthritis-disease-treatment

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory joint disease which affects 1% of the population.

That means there are at least 3 million people in the United States who have rheumatoid arthritis.

The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown but we do know that genetic and environmental factors play a role. Rheumatoid arthritis symptoms include swollen, painful joints and generalized stiffness especially in the morning or after periods of inactivity.

Some patients may present with an explosive onset of multiple swollen joints initially, but the more common presentation is a slower onset of flare-ups and modest remissions over many months with a gradual decline in function associated with increasing joint symptoms.  The most common joints involved are the small joints of the hands and feet as well as the wrists, however any joint may be involved.

A diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis is made by an experienced rheumatologist who listens carefully to your history, performs a detailed physical exam with special interest in your joints, and then also reviews laboratories and x-ray findings including special tests called rheumatoid factors and CCP antibodies. Your rheumatologist will then devise a treatment strategy for you. Emphasis on treating your symptoms of joint pain and swelling as well as preventing deformity and disability is important.

You may require a number of medications to reduce inflammation and prevent joint destruction as part of your treatment plan. Newer therapies over the last fifteen years have changed peoples’ lives with rheumatoid arthritis. Complete remissions are now more common place where in the past these were not. Aggressive early intervention is a key principal of treatment in this day and time.

Methotrexate

Methotrexate has been used for over 30 years as the foundation of treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. It can frequently make people feel much better but may not prevent long-term joint destruction. Newer medications called biologics have been used in combination with methotrexate to bring about improvement in symptoms, prevent joint destruction, and keep patients living normal productive lives. Rheumatologists are experts at using these medications and monitoring for potential side effects. The outlook is much brighter for patients with rheumatoid arthritis these days thanks to significant he answered truthfully he is improvements in therapies.

Jun 28, 2017

The Three Most Common Types of Arthritis

three-most-common-forms-of-arthritis

  Arthritis is the catch-all term for any disease that causes painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints. There are over 100 different types of arthritis, each with their own causes, symptoms, and treatments. That said, most of the 40 million people in the United States who have arthritis end up with one of the […]

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Jun 14, 2017

Live Well: Travel Tips for Arthritis Patients

arthritis-patient-travel-tips-for-healthy-living

  It’s summer, which means vacation season is in full swing! Whether you prefer international travel, cruises, beaches, or National Parks, there are many places to see and many things to do. As you plan your next adventure, one thing you don’t want to deal with is arthritis pain. If this is one of your […]

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May 24, 2017

How Does Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Happen?

how-does-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-happen

  You’re working at your computer when you begin to feel a strange sensation in your fingers, hands, and forearms. It’s a strange combination of numbness and pins and needles, a little painful but not unbearable. You shake your hands, crack your knuckles, and shut your laptop for the day, hoping that tomorrow you’ll be […]

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